Creation verses Evolution
There are many beliefs about how we came to be. There is the religious belief, there is the “Big Bang” theory, and there is the belief that we evolved from lower life forms. Its hard to say exactly how life came to be and who have the right answer. A person can take one of the two views on the origin of life. Either they believe there is a creator (creationist) or they believe (evolutionist) but with a thorough examination of scientific evidence one must believe that evolution is the basis for our existence.
The idea of creation varies with each of the world’s many religions; not providing creationists with a stable ground to inform on. Creationist’s believe in a supreme creator, who is responsible for the universe and everything natural that it contains. Creationists believe in Genesis to prove that evolutionists’ theories are false. Mostly everyone know the book they refer to The Holy Bible, and in the book of Geneses chapter 2 verse 19 “and out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air” is what the creationist whole true. Although evolution is seen throughout nature and proven by ancient fossils, they still disagree with the thought. Creationists include a type of evolution as necessary in their studies. This form of evolution is called “micro-evolution”, or variation within a type of organism occurs. This means that small changes take place like a frog grows web feet to swim better. Large-scale change of one type of organism to another is known as “macro-evolution”; apes changing to humans. Creationists believe this type of evolution is beyond the ability of mutation or natural selection which the evolutionists believe.
Creationists believe that Adam and Eve were the first human beings to walk the planet, and each of us is a descendant of the two. Evolutionist challenge this because Adam and Eve could only be one race but there are several different race of people – in a wide range of colors. There are too many unanswered questions to support the theory of creation but taking the evolutionist point of view can clear things up.
Evolutionists believe in their experiments and sciences to prove the creation of the universe and the creation of life (Wysong 55). Evolutionists believe that man evolved from single celled organisms getting their basic needs from sunlight millions of years ago when there was no oxygen (Hyperspace). They believe in natural selection (survival of the fittest), also known as Neo-Darwinism. They also base their judgment on ancient fossils found throughout years evolution has been around (Wysong 55).
Evolution was best explain by its main supporter, Charles Darwin. Evolution was not a new idea even in Darwins life time. The first theory was made in the 18th century when Charles Darwin’s grandfather Charles Erasmus Darwin and fellow evolutionist Comte de Buffon observed evolutionary mutations. They observed these mutations in both plants and animals. They noticed that plants and animals could pass a new characteristic onto their offspring suggesting evolution. If these mutations help the offspring to survive then the offspring will have a better chance of passing those traits down to its offspring. When this happens over a millions of years it enables nature to create many diverse life forms. (Wysong 266-267) Charles Darwin took a slightly different belief. His theory called “Darwinism” were based mostly upon the concept of natural selection and mutations; he explored the two through experimentation and recorded all information in his book “The Origin of Species”, written in 1859 (Creation Science).
There are a couple of things that give good evidence to evolution. Macroevolution is not a speedy process and a very large amount of data relies on fossilized remains of life forms from millions and millions of years ago. (Wysong 353). The reason why so much data relies on old fossils is because animal evolve over millions of years not days. A common example of this is that birds evolve from dinosaurs. Another supporting example is the embryo; for when humans are being form in the wound they have a tail that goes away after a couple of weeks in the wound. The tail suggests that at some point we hade tail use for something like swimming. Embryology is used in many cases to prove evolution. More evidence that embryos shows evolution can be found in horses. Scientists believe that the modern horse is descended from a small three-toed creature called “Eohippus” that lived over 50 million years ago. Six weeks after an unborn colt begins to develop in its mother’s body; it has not hooves but three toes. As it develops, the middle toe growing while the other two fade away. (Creation Science).
To go further in the understanding of evolution one must think how the universe began. “At the beginning of time there were no galaxies, stars or planets, no life or civilization” (Hyperspace). The evolutionist believe that the “Big Bang” created the universe. The big bang was a huge explosion that made the universe expand infinitely. When the great explosion took place; all properties for life was blast in all directions. Clouds of hydrogen gas started forming and sound waves from the big bang made them swirl. Huge whirlpools of the hydrogen cloud sucked more and more inside of them forming huge balls of gas forming the first star. The star hade all ingredients for life but it was not useful inside the star so when they go supernova they send compress matter away to collide with more compress matter forming planets. If the planet is big enough it can suck some of the hydrogen gas to form an atmosphere that will let it support life. (Hyperspace).
After earth was created only few theories have been made to prove how life began on earth. Some believe life started in the sea, some think on land, and few think life came from a asteroid caring alien life form. Life finally developed when some of the organisms went through small mutations; although the mutations were small they had a huge impact on what is seen today (Hyperspace). These mutations helped species achieve their role in life and continue chaning forming the creatures we see today. Both creationists and evolutionists believe their theories of the origin of life are correct . The problem with creation is that a number of creationists understand they would have to disregard all evidence astronomically, historically, and biologically records; and start from scratch to prove their theories. An example of this is that creationists have yet been able to explain dinosaurs.
“Evolution has no room for the supernatural. The earth and its inhabitants were not created they evolved. We all accept the fact of evolution; evolution of life is no longer a theory. It is a fact; it is the basis of all our thinking”. (Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania 7)
Another problem with creation is that they are losing their supporters from high positions. The Milwaukee Journal on March 5,1996 reported that the ” pastor of St. James Catholic Church made a firm statement accepting the fact of evolution” (Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania 7).
“No serious biologist today doubts the fact of evolution is adequately clear. We do not need a listing of evidences to demonstrate the fact of evolution no more than we need to demonstrate the existence of mountain ranges”. (Wysong 23).
Theodosis Dobzhansky a geneticist who was quoted saying “Evolution as a historical fact was proved beyond a reasonable doubt not later than in the closing decades of the19th century. No one who takes the trouble to become familiar with the pertinent evidence has at present a valid reason that the living world, including man, is a product of evolutionary development”. (Wysong 23)
Hyperspace. A BBC video. With Sam Niel.
Jason Browning, Dr. Gerald Lenner, Mark Rajock. Creation Science. 1997 http://emporium.turnpike.net/C/cs/
Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania. Did man get here by Evolution
Or by Creation?. Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A
Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania and International Bible student
Association. Life how did it get here. Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A.
Wysong, R.L. The Creation Evolution Controversy. 1st ed. 1976.
The Holy Bible, King James Version.