Matthew Roberts

Mr. J. Hubbard
12 University English
10 February 2004
Cloning should be (encouraged? permitted? discouraged?)
There are many questions and concerns sparked as a result to the
consideration of cloning. Many hear the topic and automatically think it
wrong due to their high values in morality. But really, who is to say that
cloning is in fact morally wrong? The answer to this would tend to vary due
to the logical fact that every individual has their own opinion. A clone is
defined as;
a cell, group of cells, or organisms that are
descended from and genetically identical to a single
common ancestor, such as a bacterial colony whose
members arose from a single original cell. (dictionary.com)
This definition thus questions what it is that all the extremist
skeptics of cloning could be objecting. If scientists could somehow harness
the ability to synthetically correct any deficiencies that commonly
accompany cloned animals, breeding of all species would become more
efficient. There are countless benefits that could be contributed to the
medical field through various ways of genetic reproduction. Cloning should
be permitted, under the premise that it be accompanied by serious
limitations and restrictions.

There are many arguments that are in support of cloning on both sides
of the spectrum. There are numerous organizations, such as the UN1, that
have previously attempted, and continue to strive for, a universal
compliance on the complete ban of cloning. The governments in the United
States as well as 43 other countries, has agreed to put a “blanket ban on
both reproductive and therapeutic cloning.” (Biever) This statement meaning
that the topic of cloning would thus become fully illegal and un-open for
any type of negotiation or discussion. This would not be the smartest
decision that the United States could attempt to enforce. Due to the fact
that there hasn’t been time for legitimate research or consideration in all
fields of cloning, the idea of banning it does not seem logical. Already in
the field of therapeutic cloning, it is said that the treatment of
“everything from heart disease to Parkinson’s” is on the verge of being
achievable. (“Major Breakthrough…”) It is only due to non-existent laws,
stating how far cloning can persist that this medical wonder cannot be
fulfilled.

It is a common side effect of the majority of all cloned animals, to
either die son after birth, or live with severe complications. The highly
controversial cloning of the first adult mammal, widely known as Dolly the
sheep, was visually normal at birth, but died 5 years after birth due to
suspected premature ageing.

Baring in mind the sincerity of these side effects, it is only in a
select few that have been affected. These abnormalities have been enough
to influence the proper authorities that the cloning of humans should not
be successfully approved.

Aside form the above mentioned negative aspects of animal cloning, the
practice known as xenotransplantation. Perhaps this method would be better
understood when defined as the transplantation of living cells, tissues and
organs from one species to another species. (“Xenotransplant…”) If
legalized, this practice would allow for the reproduction of human organs
inside of a completely different mammal that could be used for a variety of
specialized transplants of which there is limited donors. Wouldn’t the
vast majority of people enjoy the security of knowing that if an accident
ever occurred, there would be no question as to whether or not they would
receive proper treatment. In theory, this aspect would not have to come to
mind if scientists were permitted to experiment with xenotransplantaion.

The total abolishment of cloning before any significant benefits can
be determined would prove not to be logical on behalf of everybody. In
order to discover all horizons of genetically reproducing an organism, the
government must first allow a select few specialized scientists to conduct
strictly monitored experiments. To this date, there are still a
significant number of astounding advancements that could be obtained with
the strict legalization of cloning. Scientists have not even begun to
scratch the surface of this astounding revolutionary capability.



Works Cited
“Cloning” http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=Cloning
(Accessed 2004)
“Major Breakthrough In Disease Treatment Via Stem Cells
Claimed” Online. Available.

http://www.sciscoop.com/story/2003/11/29/4520/0469
(2004)
Philipkoski, Kristin. “Cloning Remains a Meaty Issue.”
Online. Available.

http://www.wired.com/news/medtech/0,1286,60794,00.html
?tw=wn_story_related
—. “Cloning Remains a Meaty Issue.” Online Available.

http://www.wired.com/news/medtech/0,1286,60794,00.html
?tw=wn_story_related
Smith, Simon. “The Benefits of Human Cloning” Online
Available. http://www.humancloning.org/benefits.php
“Xenotransplantation on the Web”. Online Available.

http://www.xenotransplant.ineu.org/xenotrans/index.htm
———————–
1 UN refers to the organization formally known as the United Nations.

The organization is comprised of a variety of world powers responsible for
the governance and enforcement of basic rights and freedoms in addition to
peace keeping (also a major attribute of the UN).